Like Weber, Myrdal believed that objectivity is ideal to...Sociologists, like other professionals and academic practitioners, have engaged in a collective project—“becoming a science.” This article traces the occupational and intellectual components of that project, focusing especially on the model of science employed, the limits of that model, and the limits of the science model in general.
Weber said that value neutrality should be the primary aim in sociology but it cannot be obtained since sociology is the study of human behaviors and society thus making it prone to personal views and value judgments.
He recognized that values would influence the choice of topics for study.
The Committee’s work culminated in the volume Everyone realizes that science has exerted an increasing influence upon Western society and culture over the past three centuries.
Within the last 50 years, it has assumed an almost dominating role.
The term “science” in the context of history or sociology has been variously construed.
Conventionally, “the history of science” has usually related only to the development of concepts and methods in mathematics and in the natural sciences.
It is argued that sociology is a quasi-science and a quasi-humanities.
Unfortunately, sociology has not systematically pursued its links to the humanities.
Weber also believed that once a topic has been chosen, researchers should be objective in conducting experiments and proving their theories.
Objectivity means that the conclusions arrived at as the result of inquiry and investigation are independent of the race, colour, creed, occupation, nationality, religion, moral preference and political predisposition of the investigator.