Preparedness Theory Classical Conditioning

Preparedness Theory Classical Conditioning-80
Exploratory analyses explored the influence of gender, depression, anxiety, negative affect, and pain catastrophizing.

Exploratory analyses explored the influence of gender, depression, anxiety, negative affect, and pain catastrophizing.

However, empirical evidence for classically conditioned allodynia is lacking.

We aimed to manipulate pain thresholds with a classical conditioning procedure that used non-nociceptive somatosensory stimuli as conditioned stimuli (CS) and nociceptive stimuli as unconditioned stimuli.

Associative learning has been proposed as a mechanism behind the persistence of pain after tissue healing.

The simultaneous occurrence of nociceptive and non-nociceptive input during acute injury mimics the pairings thought to drive classical conditioning effects.

Exploratory analyses did not reveal any influence of individual differences.

Thirty of the 34 participants were unaware of the contingencies between stimuli. The results of this study provide no evidence that allodynia can be induced in healthy humans using a classical conditioning procedure with simultaneous timing.

After this pairing has occurred, the initially neutral stimulus comes to carry informational value about the likelihood of the biologically evocative stimulus and can evoke a response even in the absence of such a US [7].

The idea that an association would be formed between tissue damage–driven nociception and other non-nociceptive input during the acute phase of an injury seems intuitive.

Study information was provided electronically and verbally, and in printed form when preferred by the potential participant.

Subjects were screened for exclusion criteria over the telephone or via email, and again on arrival for testing.

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