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Detective Holste headed down a hallway and entered a small room. You may be surprised to know that even physical tasks like sitting, standing, and walking had not automatically developed for Danielle as she grew.
A small girl was reported peering from one of its broken windows. Socialization is the process through which people are taught to be proficient members of a society.
This seemed odd because no one in the neighbourhood had seen a young child in or around the home, which had been inhabited for the past three years by a woman, her boyfriend, and two adult sons. It describes the ways that people come to understand societal norms and expectations, to accept society’s beliefs, and to be aware of societal values.
You might be wondering: if sociologists and psychologists are both interested in people and their behaviour, how are these two disciplines different?
What do they agree on, and where do their ideas diverge?
The answers are complicated, but the distinction is important to scholars in both fields.
As a general difference, we might say that while both disciplines are interested in human behaviour, psychologists are focused on how the mind influences that behaviour, while sociologists study the role of society in shaping both behaviour and the mind.A newspaper report later described the detective’s first encounter with the child: “She lay on a torn, moldy mattress on the floor. She also hadn’t learned its nonmaterial culture, such as its beliefs, values, and norms. Through extensive testing, doctors determined that, although she was severely malnourished, Danielle was able to see, hear, and vocalize normally.Key to Freud’s approach to child development is to trace the formations of desire and pleasure in the child’s life.The child is seen to be at the centre of a tricky negotiation between internal, instinctual drives for gratification (the pleasure principle) and external, social demands to repress those drives in order to conform to the rules and regulations of civilization (the reality principle). She was taken to a hospital for medical treatment and evaluation. Detective Holste immediately carried Danielle out of the home.An adult with an oral fixation may indulge in overeating or binge drinking.An anal fixation may produce a neat freak (hence the term “anal retentive”), while a person stuck in the phallic stage may be promiscuous or emotionally immature.Many scholars, both in the fields of psychology and in sociology, have described the process of self development as a precursor to understanding how that “self” becomes socialized.Psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud (1856–1939) was one of the most influential modern scientists to put forth a theory about how people develop a sense of self.