Given that Leibniz the natural theologian and metaphysician is, at the same time, a moral philosopher, ethics has a central place in his philosophical system.No divisions exist among the nominally different fields.We must recognize the importance of spiritual activity.
– The pleasure, indeed, does not carry a uniform current, which give birth to boredom.
– The pleasure, this sense of perfection and that progress towards happiness, comes from a victory over quantity of half-soothe pain that eventually satisfying his desire.
So when I walk beside the sea, a thousand little unconscious perceptions and too petty to be seized, and psychic contents that I do not know that I have not clear understanding, form the whole of my vision clear.
– For those little unnoticed perceptions, we are linked, so insensitive to the whole world and the real.
Therefore, we can make a justification of God in regard to the problem of evil in the universe is what Leibniz called theodicy.
– God is not responsible for the evil that exists in the world, should be exonerated. Voltaire, as we know, is ironic about this justification.Indeed, Leibniz does exceed both the empiricism of Locke (in which all would know the meaning), and the Cartesian doctrine of innate ideas.– Locke is mistaken: the human soul is not a tabula rasa, a clean slate, which would join the experiment.Leibniz, the great conciliator, describes a world steeped in consistency when evil loses positivity.Although Leibniz never wrote a systematic ethical treatise, in his view theology is a type of jurisprudence, a science of law (NE, p. And Leibniz contributed a systematic work to the field of theology, namely, the (1710), the only large-scale philosophical work that he published during his lifetime.In terms of knowledge, Leibniz classifies ideas, defined as objects of thought, according to their clarity and distinction.– An idea is clear enough to recognize when a thing and to distinguish it. – Have different ideas that distinguish the marks in the subject who do know. Leibniz’s theory of Cartesian ideas excludes innateness.Halfway Descartes and Locke, Leibniz therefore underlines the dynamism of spiritual man.– What is first and first given is the spirit, as evidenced by the examination of the principles of knowledge, these basic statements that support our arguments – What are they?These are the principles of contradiction and sufficient reason.► The first reads as follows: two contradictory propositions, one is true the other false.