The term problem solving means slightly different things depending on the discipline.
For instance, it is a mental process in psychology and a computerized process in computer science.
One such component is the emotional valence of "real-world" problems and it can either impede or aid problem-solving performance.
Researchers have focused on the role of emotions in problem solving , In conceptualization, human problem solving consists of two related processes: problem orientation and the motivational/attitudinal/affective approach to problematic situations and problem-solving skills.
Mental health professionals study the human problem solving processes using methods such as introspection, behaviorism, simulation, computer modeling, and experiment.
Social psychologists look into the person-environment relationship aspect of the problem and independent and interdependent problem-solving methods.
Well-defined problems allow for more initial planning than ill-defined problems.
Solving problems sometimes involves dealing with pragmatics, the way that context contributes to meaning, and semantics, the interpretation of the problem.
Finally a solution is selected to be implemented and verified.
Problems have a goal to be reached and how you get there depends upon problem orientation (problem-solving coping style and skills) and systematic analysis.