In contrast, students who struggle with mathematics may find it difficult to successfully carry out parts (or, indeed, all) of this complex process.
To solve a word problem, students need to understand its context and develop a strategy to solve it.
As the end of the school year approaches, almost all of Mr.
Garcia's Grade 3 students are proficient at multiplying and dividing numbers up to 100.
To finish the lesson, students will write summaries that describe how to determine whether a word problem requires multiplication or division. Garcia's lesson plan is divided into three sections — launch, learning task, and closure — and is outlined in the chart below.
This article draws from the Power Up WHAT WORKS website, particularly the Understanding Problems Instructional Strategy Guide.
Read Write Think, for example, provides a number of high-quality materials, including several that focus specifically on developing reading comprehension through mathematical problem solving.
Look for links to other suggested materials on Power Up's Pinterest page.
They consider analogous problems, and they try special cases and simpler forms of the original problem in order to gain insight into its solution.
They monitor and evaluate their progress, and they change course if necessary.