Essay On Thomas Hobbes And John Locke

Essay On Thomas Hobbes And John Locke-30
He suggested that the "power must remain with the ruled" (Fiero, 97).

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Both did not agree with the fact that the ruler or assembly would have all power over its citizens.

So basically they were against Absolutism and their views were that of rebels in their time period.

Theses two philosophers both held similar ideas but also have conflicting ideas pertaining to the citizens "social contract" with their rulers, "Natural Condition of Mankind," and sovereignty.

John Locke believed that citizens should give power to those who govern them but not absolute power.

Control, security and limitation are encountered in each person? Locke maintained that the original state of nature was happy and characterized by reason and tolerance.

He further maintained that all human beings, in their natural state, were equal and free to pursue life, health, liberty, and possessions; and that these were inalienable rights.He stated that men in its nature are independent and equal and the reason for why person will join the society is the willingness to avoid the conflicts and war that will provide the security for this person.Humans know what is right and wrong, and are capable of knowing what is lawful and unlawful well enough to resolve conflicts.In particular, and most importantly, they are capable of telling the difference between what is theirs and what belongs to someone else.Hobbes and Locke both abandoned the thought of the divine right of monarchy.Hobbes point of view on human nature and how a government should be run is a more realistic way of looking at things than John Locke? Both Hobbes and Locke see human nature differently, Hobbes sees people as being run by selfishness whereas Locke says that people are naturally kind. As we see in the news daily, people are often cruel and inhumane, and we also see kinder people in everyday life. Locke, consistent with his philosophy, viewed man as naturally moral.Many people have different views on the moral subject of good and evil or human nature.In uncivilized times, in times before government, Hobbes asserted the existence of continual war with "every man, against every man." This convention holds in our society and is revealed through in everyday items such as keys.We lock our cars and houses so that others are physically prevented from having access to what is ours, an observation Hobbes himself makes. In our society, authority decides what is right and wrong, good and evil; essentially what we are protected against and what we are not. In the state of nature men mostly kept their promises and honored their obligations, and believed man is reasonable rather than selfish as according to Hobbes.

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