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Click on the right thumbnail to see an excerpt from this type of literature review.
Conducting a systematic review involves following rigorous, predefined protocols that "Meta-analyses are "the statistical integration of separate studies" (Egger & Smith, 1997).
They involve identifying similar studies and pooling their data to obtain a more accurate estimate of true effect size. Click on the right thumbnail to see an excerpt from this type of literature review.
It helps explain why your study is important in the context of the literature, and can also help you identify areas that need further research.
The rest of this guide will cover some basic steps to consider when conducting a traditional literature review.
Historical Review Few things rest in isolation from historical precedent.
Historical literature reviews focus on examining research throughout a period of time, often starting with the first time an issue, concept, theory, phenomena emerged in the literature, then tracing its evolution within the scholarship of a discipline.
This approach helps highlight ethical issues which you should be aware of and consider as you go through your own study.
Systematic Review This form consists of an overview of existing evidence pertinent to a clearly formulated research question, which uses pre-specified and standardized methods to identify and critically appraise relevant research, and to collect, report, and analyze data from the studies that are included in the review.
Integrative Review Considered a form of research that reviews, critiques, and synthesizes representative literature on a topic in an integrated way such that new frameworks and perspectives on the topic are generated.
The body of literature includes all studies that address related or identical hypotheses or research problems.