If you found this tutorial helpful, you should also check out our beginner’s guide to home networking James has a BSc in Artificial Intelligence, and is Comp TIA A and Network certified.
He's the lead developer of Make Use Of, and spends his free time playing VR paintball and boardgames.
A static IP address is an IP address that was manually configured for a device, versus one that was assigned by a DHCP server.
It's called static because it doesn't change.
Every device on a computer network has an Internet Protocol (IP) address.
Assign A Static Ip Address
It’s just like a phone number, telling other computers how it can be reached.
Your router itself also has an IP address, likely 192.168.0.1.
Your home computers might then be anything in the range of 192.168.0.2 to 192.168.0.254.
Most routers will just assign internal addresses on a first come first served basis.
The first computer you plug into the router will send out a network request saying “I need an IP address”, and will be assigned 192.168.0.2. Your public IP address is not generally something you can change—it is given to you automatically by your internet provider.