Administrative Management Theory Essay

As far as managers’ abilities were concerned, Henri Fayol emphasized that every manager should have "a special knowledge" specific to any function.In general, every manager needs the following qualities and capabilities (Fayol, 1949): Fayol believed that management could not be strictly regulated but should be based on certain principles and rules.Thus, the higher the level of administrative hierarchy is the bigger responsibility the management takes.

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Furthermore, Henri Fayol is considered as one of the founders of the accounting human factors principles in production and management, as well as one of the first scientists to draw attention to issues of human relations between managers in general and subordinates in particular.

This provided an incentive to research the fields of formal and informal relations between organizational subsystems.

He drew the main attention to the process itself, which he considered as a function of administration aimed at assisting administrative staff in achieving the organization's objectives.

Fayol proceeded on the premise that every enterprise should have two entities: material and social ones.

The researcher set the goal of teaching industrial administrators an important management function that would ensure maximum individual and collective productivity by concentrating laborers’ "will" on one very specific direction mentioned by an entrepreneur.

This requires the creation of the science of managing people, based on "a careful study and scientific experimentation"(Fayol, 1949).To control means to lead the company to its goal, deriving means from all available resources.But leading to the goal denotes maneuvering in product marketing, monitoring market conditions and advertising strategies, increasing capacity, and controlling working capital cycle.According to Fayol (Fayol, 1949), administration includes six main groups of operations management present in all industrial enterprises, such as: This operational guidance is referred to as general management.However, not all six groups of operations are the subject of Fayol’s thorough research.In his main work "General and Industrial Management", Fayol’s key concept is that every enterprise has two entities.He has tried to make the need for and possibility of making a special science to manage people a part of the general theory of business management.According to Fayol, another reason is that the administrative action formed only one part of management.Management itself is a far greater area of activity.The Latin language was used by the Romans, who were famous for their rigid, centralized management control systems.Therefore, it indicates the activities of state bodies charged with control functions.


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